Sinusitis is a fairly common pathology that affects the how spaces in the bones of the face. These are interconnected with the nasal cavity. So a result of which the air flow in the nose has a direct bearing on the heath of the sinuses. For example if there is a difficulty normal airflow n because of a deviated septum, increased size of tissue, reduced air space, then the quality of the sinus air alters. Normally the air in the sinus is of antiseptic quality not when you and me breathe but when there is a change in the aerodynamics the qualitative changes in the air predisposes to sinusitis. The causes may be varied. Deviated nasal septum, that alters the airflow is one of the major causes. Having said that recurrent allergies can also predispose to sinusitis. The symptoms are predominantly thick discharge from the nose, heaviness, headache, facial pain, and sometimes pain in the teeth as well if it is the lower sinus is involved. There can be headache of various types the frontal sinusitis is involved, the vertical headache starts slightly because the middle group of sinuses or if the rear portion of the sinus is involved, the sphenoid group of sinuses then you will have an occipital type of headache, the headache in the lack of the headache. Predominantly these symptoms are given little importance till they become severe. When there is suspicion of sinusitis, diagnosing that will require you to do basic investigations, maybe endoscopy, maybe radiography of an type and ten decide wheat wile b the treatment the first line of act will be you will be put on medication for 7 to 14 days if required to alleviate the infection and symptoms. A recurrent follow up is required to prevent recurrence. If there is recurrence CT scan is required to see a pathology that is not addressed with any medication which case a surgical option may be required to treat the causative factors as well as the effect within the sinuses.
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