Sphenoid Sinus Fungal Ball

Fungal balls refer to collections of fungal elements called “hyphae,” and may collect in the paranasal sinuses. The mechanisms behind how or why these form in the sinuses remain incompletely understood, but they can occur in anyone. They may or…
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Fungal balls refer to collections of fungal elements called “hyphae,” and may collect in the paranasal sinuses. The mechanisms behind how or why these form in the sinuses remain incompletely understood, but they can occur in anyone. They may or may not cause symptoms, and may be discovered incidentally when patients obtain head or facial imaging for other reasons. It is typically recommended to have them removed through endoscopic sinus surgical techniques either to alleviate symptoms, or prevent future complications in the event patients are asymptomatic. If left untreated, fungal balls may lead to superimposed bacterial sinusitis and subsequent complications from the bacteria. Additionally, if patients with fungal balls develop immune deficiency, the fungi can invade the sinus tissue lining (“mucosa”), and this can lead to devastating consequences or even death. All types of sinus and nasal fungal disease are managed by rhinologists like Dr. John Craig at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, MI.

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